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Overview of all traits of a species

species information (Systematics, BiolFlor-Names, Status)
BiolFlor-Name family german name(s)
Biscutella laevigata L. Brassicaceae » Brillenschötchen
reference
Kühn, I., Klotz, S. 2002: Systematik, Taxonomie und Nomenklatur. In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.): BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde. Bonn »
 
Synonymy (taxonomy after Wisskirchen & Haeupler, 1998)
Biscutella laevigata L. accepted
>Biscutella laevigata subsp. varia (Dumort.) Rouy & Foucaud accepted
>Biscutella varia Dumort. Basionym
>Biscutella laevigata subsp. guestphalica Mach.-Laur. accepted
>Biscutella laevigata subsp. kerneri Mach.-Laur. accepted
>Biscutella laevigata subsp. laevigata accepted
>Biscutella laevigata subsp. subaphylla Mach.-Laur. accepted
>Biscutella laevigata subsp. gracilis Mach.-Laur. accepted
>Biscutella laevigata subsp. tenuifolia (Bluff & Fingerh.) Mach.-Laur. accepted
>Biscutella ambigua var. tenuifolia Bluff & Fingerh. Basionym
 
group of traits: Status »
Floristic status »
Floristic status I (indigenous)
Evolutionary origin »
Evolutionary origin n (naturally)
Region of origin »
Region of origin 0 (not specified)
Endemism »
Endemism 0 (not specified)
Reference unbekannt
 
group of traits: Chromosome number »
Chromosome number »
Basic chromosome number 9
Chromosome number 2n 18
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 2 (diploid)
Ploidy type D (diploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
Basic chromosome number 9
Chromosome number 2n 36
Chromosome number (Germany) True
Most common chromosome race False
Ploidy level 4 (tetraploid)
Ploidy type P (polyploid with haploid basic number)
Reference Oberdorfer, E. 1983: Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora. Ulmer, Stuttgart
 
group of traits: Phylogeny »
Phylogeny code »
Phylogeny code BBBBBBBBBABBABBAABAAABB
 
group of traits: Morphology »
Life form »
Life form H (Hemicryptophyte)
Qualifier always [1]
Life span »
Life span p (pluriennial-pollakanthic)
Qualifier always [1]
Vegetative propagation »
Vegetative propagation ws (Root shoot)
Qualifier always [1]
Storage organs »
Storage organs p (Pleiocorm)
Qualifier always [1]
Shoot metamorphoses »
Shoot metamorphoses p (Pleiocorm)
Qualifier always [1]
Root metamorphoses »
Root metamorphoses ws (Root shoot)
Qualifier always [1]
Rosettes »
Rosettes h (Hemirosette plant)
Qualifier always [1]
special references:
Dannemann, A. 2000: Der Einfluß von Fragmentierung und Populationsgröße auf die genetische Variation und Fitness von seltenen Pflanzen am Beispiel von Biscutella laevigata (Brassicaceae). Dissertationes Botanicae Vol. 330. Cramer, Berlin.
Kutschera, L., Lichtenegger, E. 1992: Wurzelatlas mitteleuropäischer Grünlandpflanzen. Bd. 2 Pteridophyta und Dicotyledonae (Magnoliopsida). Teil I Morphologie, Anatomie, Ökologie, Verbreitung, Soziologie, Wirtschaft. Fischer, Stuttgart, Jena, New York
 
group of traits: Leaf traits »
Leaf persistence »
Leaf persistence s (summer green)
Leaf anatomy »
Leaf anatomy s (scleromorphic)
Leaf form »
Leaf form lang (long-leaf)
 
group of traits: Flowering phenology »
Flowering phenology »
Begin of flowering (months) 5
End of flowering (months) 7
Duration of flowering (months) 3
Number of flowering phases 0
Symphenological Groups »
Phenological group 5 (Sorbus aucuparia-Galium odoratum-Phase)
Phenological season: end of mid spring
Reference Dierschke, H 1995: Phänologische und symphänologische Artengruppen von Blütenpflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Tuexenia 15: 523-560
 
group of traits: Floral and reproductive biology »
Type of reproduction »
Type of reproduction ssv (mostly by seed, rarely vegetatively)
Reference Krumbiegel, A. 2002: Morphologie der vegetativen Organe (außer Blätter). In: Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Durka, W. (Hrsg.) BiolFlor - Biologisch-ökologische Daten zur Flora Deutschlands, S. 1-2, Bonn
Type of seed production »
Type of seed production s (amphimictic, sexual)
Reference Dannemann, A. 2000: Der Einfluß von Fragmentierung und Populationsgröße auf die genetische Variation und Fitness von seltenen Pflanzen am Beispiel von Biscutella laevigata (Brassicaceae). Dissertationes Botanicae Vol. 330. Cramer, Berlin.
Dicliny »
Dicliny so (hermaphroditic)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Dichogamy »
Dichogamy h (homogamous)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility »
Self-sterility and self-incompatibility SI (self-incompatibel)
Reference Dannemann, A. 2000: Der Einfluß von Fragmentierung und Populationsgröße auf die genetische Variation und Fitness von seltenen Pflanzen am Beispiel von Biscutella laevigata (Brassicaceae). Dissertationes Botanicae Vol. 330. Cramer, Berlin.
Systematic reference species [S]
SI mechanism »
SI mechanism SSI (sporophytic self-incompatibility)
Reference de Nettancourt, D. 1977: Incompatibility in angiosperms. Springer, Berlin
Pollen vector »
Pollen vector in (insects)
Pollen vector group: zo (Tierbestäubung)
Abundance always [1]
Reference Dannemann, A. 2000: Der Einfluß von Fragmentierung und Populationsgröße auf die genetische Variation und Fitness von seltenen Pflanzen am Beispiel von Biscutella laevigata (Brassicaceae). Dissertationes Botanicae Vol. 330. Cramer, Berlin.
Systematic reference species [S]
Breeding system »
Breeding system X (allogamous)
Reference Dannemann, A. 2000: Der Einfluß von Fragmentierung und Populationsgröße auf die genetische Variation und Fitness von seltenen Pflanzen am Beispiel von Biscutella laevigata (Brassicaceae). Dissertationes Botanicae Vol. 330. Cramer, Berlin.
Floral rewards »
Floral rewards 1 (nectar)
Reference Knuth, P. 1898: Handbuch der Blütenbiologie. Leipzig
Amount of floral reward 3 (present)
Flower color »
Flower colour light yellow
Basic flower colour g (yellow)
Reference Schubert, R., Jäger, E.J., Werner, K. (Hrsg.) 1987: Exkursionsflora Band 3. Atlas der Gefäßpflanzen. 6. Aufl., Volk und Wissen, Berlin
UV reflection of the flower »
UV reflection in the periphery of the flower 1 (0-7 %)
UV reflection in the centre of the flower 1 (0-7 %)
UV reflection pattern 0 (no UV reflectance patterns)
Flower class after MUELLER »
Flower class after MUELLER AB (flowers with partly hidden nectar)
Typical pollinators: syrphids, bees
Flower type after KUGLER »
Flower type after KUGLER 1.2bb (disk flowers with nectar ± hidden nectaries at base of stamens)
 
group of traits: Seed traits »
Fruit type »
Fruit type SpF (schizocarp)
Diaspore type »
Diaspore type TF (mericarp)
Germinule type »
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type S (seed)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages  
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Germinule type TF (mericarp)
Information available True
Development of nutritious appendages  
Development of flat appendages always [1]
Development of elongated appendages  
Development of additional appendages  
Weights »
Measured object Diaspore
Type of germinule or diaspore TF (mericarp)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg]  
Weight (mean) [mg] 2.6
Weight (maximum) [mg]  
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore TF (mericarp)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Weight (minimum) [mg]  
Weight (mean) [mg] 2.6
Weight (maximum) [mg]  
Sizes »
Measured object Germinule
Type of germinule or diaspore S (seed)
Constraint False
Heteromorphic type n (not heteromorphic)
Length (minimum) [mm] 2.0
Length (mean) [mm] 2.2
Length (maximum) [mm] 2.5
Width (minimum) [mm]  
Width (mean) [mm] 1.5
Width (maximum) [mm]  
Height (minimum) [mm]  
Height (mean) [mm]  
Height (maximum) [mm]  
special references:
Beijerink, W. 1947: Zadenatlas der Nederlandsche Flora. Biol. Stat. Wijster, Wageningen (Gattung)
Berggren, G. 1981: Atlas of seeds and small fruits of Northwest-European plant species with morphological descriptions. - Part 3 (Salicaceae-Cruciferaceae). Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm (Gattung)
Luftensteiner, H.W. 1982: Untersuchungen zur Verbreitungssbiologie von Pflanzengemeinschaften an vier Standorten in Niederösterreich. Bibliotheca Botanica 135:1-68 (Gattung)
Müller, P. 1955: Verbreitungsbiologie (Diasporologie) der Blütenpflanzen. Veröffentlichungen des Geobotanischen Institutes Rübel Zürich . Verlag Hans Huber, Bern. (Gattung)
 
group of traits: Ecological strategy »
Strategy type »
Strategy type csr (competitors/stress-tolerators/ruderals)
 
group of traits: Range »
Floristic zone and altitudinal level »
Floristic zone e (submeridional)
Altitudinal level a (alpine)
Status natural range
Floristic zone p (southern temperate)
Altitudinal level d (de(sub)alpine)
Status natural range
Floristic zone n (northern temperate)
Altitudinal level d (de(sub)alpine)
Status natural range
Number of inhabited floristic zones »
Number of inhabited floristic zones 2
Oceanity »
Oceanity so (suboceanic)
Amplitude of Oceanity: 3
Minimum level of oceantity: continental climate
Maximum level of oceantity: extreme oceanic climate
Status natural range
Floristic region »
Floristic region e (Europe)
Continent of floristic region: e (Europa)
Status natural range
 
group of traits: Hemeroby »
Hemeroby »
Hemeroby o (oligohemerobic)
Hemeroby m (mesohemerobic)
Number of hemerobic levels »
Number of hemerobic levels 2
 
group of traits: Urbanity »
Urbanity »
Urbanity 1 (urbanophobic)
 
group of traits: Habitats »
Habitat »
Habitat T1.4.1.3 (null)
Alliance: Erico-Pinion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T3.4.2 (null)
Alliance: Seslerietea variae
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T5.1 (null)
Alliance: Thlaspietea rotundifolii
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation Gips
Habitat T5.1.2.2.1 (null)
Alliance: Thlaspion rotundifolii
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T5.2.2 (null)
Alliance: Asplenietea trichomanis
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T5.2.2.1.1 (null)
Alliance: Androsacion vandellii
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T5.2.2.2.1 (null)
Alliance: Potentillion caulescentis
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T5.2.3 (null)
Alliance: Asplenietea trichomanis
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T6.1.2.3 (null)
Alliance: Seslerio-Festucion pallentis
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T6.2 (null)
Alliance: Festuco-Brometea
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation (pralp)
Habitat T6.2.2.3 (null)
Alliance: Festucetalia valesiaca
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
Habitat T6.2.2.3.1 (null)
Alliance: Cirsio-Brachypodion
Occurrence questionable False
Occurence restricted False
Annotation  
 
group of traits: Sociology »
Class »
English circumscription 04.1 (Communities of cracks in rocks and walls)
Class: Asplenietea trichomanis
English circumscription 04.3 (Communities of boulders and scree)
Class: Thlaspietea rotundifolii
English circumscription 05.2 (Pioneer communities of hair-grasses)
Class: Koelerio-Corynephoretea
English circumscription 05.3 (Fescue-brome communities of dry and semi-dry grasslands)
Class: Festuco-Brometea
English circumscription 05.7 (Alpine moor-grass communities)
Class: Seslerietea albicantis
English circumscription 10.7 (Snow-heather pine-forests)
Class: Erico-Pinetea
 
 
groups of traits for this species
Status »
Chromosome number »
Phylogeny »
Morphology »
Leaf traits »
Flowering phenology »
Floral and reproductive biology »
Seed traits »
Ecological strategy »
Range »
Hemeroby »
Urbanity »
Habitats »
Sociology »


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