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trait details of "Vegetative propagation"

group of trait Morphology
description Besides sexual (generative) propagation and dispersal with generative diaspores, many plant species are able to propagate and disperse asexually (vegetatively).
trait attribute attribute type
Vegetative propagation range of values
Qualifier identifier
  This overview displays all details for a trait including defined attributes (additional information concerning a trait) and possible states.
possible attribute values "Vegetative propagation"
label name description
a Runner Lateral shoot (exceptional main shoot) with long thin internodes and adventitious roots. Severance from the mother plant causes the formation of individual ramets
ak Runner with tuberous tip Tuberous swelling of several internodes at the distal end of a subterranean runner, which mostly develops at the end of the vegetation period for storing food. Above ground shoots develop from the tuber the following season
ar Runner-like rhizome Subterranean or close to the surface situated shoot with cataphyllary leaves, which is more or less thickened, adventitiously rooted and long-lived (> 1 year). Difficult to distinguish whether the storage or the spread function is of prime importance
az Runner with bulbous tip Bulb at the distal end of a subterranean runner used for vegetative propagation, spread and storage, and sprouting the following season
b Bulbil Compressed above ground, vegetative lateral shoot with disproportionately developed or still absent organs, which develops into a new independently viable plant after severance from the mother plant, acting as propagation
bs Brood shoot Spikelet of Poaceae, which has been transformed into a small shoot
f questionable  
fr Fragmentation Vegetative reproduction and spread by disintegration of the mother plant or abscission of independently viable parts of shoots
g Gemma Bud formed on the gametophyte of ferns which develops into a gametophyte again after separation from the mother plant
is Innovation bud with storage root Innovation bud with a secondary storage root (see definition) on its base
iw Innovation bud with root tuber Innovation bud with a root tuber (see definition) on its base
ps Phyllogenous shoot Adventitious shoot developing on a leaf (e.g. at the base of a leaf feather or within a notch at the margin), becoming independently viable after abscission from the mother plant
rh Rhizome Subterranean or close to the soil surface, mostly thickened shoot with short internodes, adventitious roots and (mostly) cataphyllary leaves. It stores and is long-lived (> 1 year). Ramification followed by distal decaying causes the formation of ramets
rp Rhizome-like pleiocorm System of more or less crowded shoots, persisting several years which arise mainly at the proximal end of the primary root especially in the first years of the individual cycle. At first the innovation shoots arise from basal leaf axils, later from the rhizome like, adventitiously rooted shoots, which later lose their connection with the primary root
sk Shoot tuber Thickened, mostly subterranean, roundish, short lived (< 1 year) part of a shoot which is used as storage
t Turio Vegetative compressed, mostly bud like shoot, which hibernates with leaves or parts of leaves and sprouts only after severance from the mother plant
ws Root shoot Adventitiously-rooted shoot growing from a main or lateral root. It is either leafless or has cataphyllary leaves during growth within the soil
z Bulb Compressed part of a shoot, partly with fleshy cataphyllary leaves or leaf bases, acting as storage